D'Artagnan, legendary hero of the most famous novel of the swashbuckling The Three Musketeers, really existed. To create his character, Alexandre Dumas was inspired by the work of a novelist of the time of Louis XIV, Courtils de Sandras, who, in 1700 published the Memoires de Monsieur d'Artagnan. In these memoirs the author presents in a very romantic manner the life of an authentic youngster of Gascony, lieutenant-captain of the first company of musketeers of King Louis XIV; Charles de Batz Castelmore d'Artagnan.
Born of a Gascon father....
The father of our hero was allied to the branch of Montesquiou, one of the most important lineages of Gascony. This noble family descends from the ancient counts of Fezensac.
It was in the chateau of d'Artagnan, near Vic en Bigorre that, on 6 February 1608, the marriage took place of these nobles. Jean de Montesquiou d'Artagnan, former officer in the French Guard, gave on this day the hand of his daughter, Francoise de Montesquiou to Sir Bertrand de Batz-Castelmore, lord of La Plagne. Of this union were born seven children, three daughters, Claude, Henrye and Jeanne. Then four sons, Paul, Arnaud, Jean and......Charles de Batz de Castelmore, lord of La Plagne, count d'Artagnan.
Yes it is indeed our young Gascon of whom all the world knows the exploits!
Behold our hero....
the 7th child of the de Batz Castelmore! D'ARTAGNAN In his true name, Charles de Batz Castelmore he first opened his eyes in about 1613 in the chateau of his ancestors in the little village of Lupiac.
Aged only about 17 our young Gascon went to Paris.
After his entry into the musketeers in 1644, Cardinal Mazarin entrusted d'Artagnan, during Le Fronde, with a number of missions requiring total discretion.
Links of reciprocal confidence and estime, already begun during Le Fronde were confirmed between King Louis XIV and d'Artagnan. His open, brave and faithful character pleased the young king who had total confidence in him.
d'Artagnan's place was henceforth with the King Louis XIV.
Charles de Batz Castelmore, d'Artagnan died on 24 June 1673 at Maastricht in Holland.
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